Podiatry is a field of allied health that focuses on the diagnosis, prevention, and medical treatment of foot, ankle, and lower limb diseases. Podiatrists are specially educated to detect and treat biomechanical problems that may lead to injury or poor performance.Do you want to learn more? view publisher site
Podiatrists treat injuries to the muscles, tendons, ligaments, and joints, as well as nail and skin problems such as calluses, ingrown toenails, blisters, and fungal infections, as well as systemic diseases that present in the foot, such as diabetes and neurological disorders.
Injuries to the foot’s muscles or joints
When a patient experiences an injury to their foot or lower leg, they should visit a podiatrist as soon as possible for guidance and treatment. The podiatrist will need to know what caused the injury, whether there have been any previous injuries, and how active you were before the injury. To establish a diagnosis, a comprehensive examination of the injury location will be performed, including muscle/joint testing, range of motion studies, ultrasound/X-ray/MRI referral, and strength tests.
The patient will next undergo a thorough biomechanical examination while walking or running to identify any problems with foot/knee or hip alignment that may be causing or contributing to the disease. Video gait analysis is used to detect any biomechanical problems so that they may be explained simply and accurately to the patient and any other health professionals concerned.
Soft tissue treatment, orthotics, shoe adjustments, dry needling, stretching/strengthening programmes, and gait re-training may be recommended depending on the diagnosis.
Foot Problems with Nails and Skin
Podiatrists treat any skin or nail problems that affect the foot. Foot abnormalities (bunions, high arches, hammer toes), ill-fitting shoes, and excessive high-impact activities may all lead to corns and calluses. A podiatrist will carefully remove the hard skin with sterile tools and then provide advise on future preventive and treatment methods. Ingrown toenails, fungal infections, and thicker, hardened nails may all be treated using medical-grade methods that are painless and fast to cure.
Massage, mobilisation, manipulation, and stretching are examples of soft tissue therapies used to decrease pain and swelling while also increasing mobility and flexibility in the foot, ankle, and leg.
Dry Needling – Similar to acupuncture, dry needling involves inserting extremely tiny, sterilised needles into the skin to heal damaged muscles and tendons. The needle is inserted into trigger points or sensitive regions to elicit a sensory response from inside the muscle fibres, resulting in the constriction being released and normal muscle function being restored.